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Researchers’ Weekly Bulletin: the Blog

News for researchers at the Manchester Metropolitan University

Archive for the ‘Open Access news’ Category

bioRXiv.org

Monday, November 24th, 2014

“In a time of instant information, many scientists wonder why the publishing process still functions at such a glacial pace, with the time between submission and publication of articles sometimes taking half a year or more. bioRXiv (pronounced “bio-archive”), a preprint server for biology published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, seeks to remedy this situation by posting preprints of studies. While these papers will not be peer-reviewed, and it will therefore be up to the reader to judge their validity, proponents of the new system argue that it could be a support to the slower peer-reviewed process as it will at least allow scientists to examine one another’s results quickly. The site is easily searchable by subject area, date, author, keyword, and title. Equally easy and straightforward is the submission process for those interested in adding to the archive. [CNH]”

http://biorxiv.org

[Source Scout Report, October 17, 2014: https://scout.wisc.edu/report/2014/1017#3 ]

eLIFE

Tuesday, November 11th, 2014

“This highly thought of open access journal promises a speed and ease of publishing unheard of in most traditional life science journals. Initial decisions on a manuscript are usually made within days. Post-review decisions are made within weeks. Most articles only go through a single round of revisions. For the reader, this means that the results you’re reading are hot off the lab bench. Best of all, unlike most scientific journals, which can cost upwards of $20 for a single article, the 842 (and counting) articles on this site are completely free. The eLIFE podcast is also available for easy download, online listening, or subscription. [CNH]”

To view eLife go to:  http://elifesciences.org/

[Source Scout Report, Oct 17,2014:  https://scout.wisc.edu/report/2014/1017#3 ]

Some Open Access resources

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB)

http://www.doabooks.org/

The aim of the DOAB is to increase discoverability of Open Access books.  It is open to all publishers who publish academic, peer reviewed books in Open Access.  The DOAB is a service of the OAPEN Foundation, a non-profit organisation dedicated to Open Access publishing of academic books.

OAPEN Library

http://www.oapen.org/home

OAPEN provides a platform for the full text dissemination of Open Access books and provides services to publishers and libraries. The OAPEN Library contains freely accessible academic books, mainly in the area of Humanities and Social Sciences:

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

http://doaj.org/

DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals. It contains over 10,000 journals of which nearly 6,000 are searchable at Article level.

The Directory of Open Access Repositories OpenDOAR

http://www.opendoar.org/

OpenDOAR is an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories and is one of the SHERPA Services including RoMEO and JULIET, run by the Centre for Research Communcations (CRC) at the University of Nottingham.

OAIster

http://oaister.worldcat.org/

Search OAIster to locate and access digital documents held in more than 1100 Open Access repositories. The content includes journal article pre-prints and postprints, research papers, theses, technical reports, image collections, audio files, movies and datasets. MMU’s e-space is among the repositories searched by the service. OAIster is part of WorldCat, the world’s largest library catalogue.

Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE)

http://www.base-search.net/index.php?i=b&l=en

BASE is operated by Bielefeld University Library, Germany and is one of the world’s largest search engines for academic open access web resources.

BASE provides more than 60 million documents from more than 3,000 sources. You can access the full text of about 70% of the indexed documents.

ArXiv.org – an example of a subject repository

http://arxiv.org/

ArXiv is the granddaddy of subject repositories going back to the early 1990s.  It gives open access to nearly a million e-prints (electronic pre-prints) in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics.

e-space, MMU’s institutional repository

http://www.e-space.mmu.ac.uk/e-space/

e-space aims to capture and preserve the intellectual output of Manchester Metropolitan University and make it freely available over the Web creating a showcase for research at MMU.

e-space contains pre-prints (journal articles submitted for peer-review), post-prints (final versions of papers that have gone through the peer-review process and have been accepted for publication), book chapters, working papers and conference presentations.

Open access is not enough on its own – data must be free too

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

“Academics have been encouraged to make their research freely available, but their data also needs to be open to scrutiny.”

“If your research has been funded by the taxpayer, there’s a good chance you’ll be encouraged to publish your results on an open access basis – free at point of publication and with reuse and redistribution rights.”

“This [] article makes publicly available the hypotheses, interpretations and conclusions of your research. But what about the data that led you to those results and conclusions? Isn’t the underlying data just as important to support the quality of the findings?”

“A huge amount of data is being produced by scientists every day, but too often key information is left to rot in an Excel document on someone’s desktop, or handwritten in a notepad that is later thrown away.”

“Increasingly, policymakers and funders are introducing data-sharing and stewardship policies to solve this problem. Funders want to see this data being properly described, stored, shared and reused, to realise its full potential. Data producers are also somebody else’s data users, and they have also come to the same realisation. Open data ensures that the scientific process is transparent, helps others to reproduce results and can even help speed up the process of scientific discovery.”

[Source Guardian Higher Education network:  http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/blog/2014/jun/26/open-access-not-enough-data-must-be-free ]

The Academic Book of the Future

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

“The Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and the British Library are launching a two-year research project which will explore the future of academic books in the context of open access publishing and continuing digital change.”

“Dr Samantha Rayner, Director of the Centre for Publishing at the University College London (UCL) will lead the project ‘Communities of Practice: The Academic Book of the Future’. Alongside colleagues Simon Tanner and Professor Marilyn Deegan from King’s College London and Nick Canty from UCL this multi-disciplinary team will engage with the publishing and academic community to better understand the current landscape of academic publishing. A combination of large scale scoping work and more focussed mini-projects will ensure that opinions, approaches and ideas are included from the UK and beyond.”

[Source Arts and Humanties Research Council (AHRC) news:  http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/News-and-Events/News/Pages/The-Academic-Book-of-the-Future-Announced.aspx ]

Introducing #OpenCollections [in Europeana]

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

“#OpenCollections highlights some of the most interesting and high quality collections from around Europe.”

“So why do we call them open collections and not just ‘beautiful collections’? Open Collections can be re-used without restrictions, and we believe that culture should be shared with minimum restriction. Works that are open because either copyright has expired, does not exist or permission has been given to freely copy, modify, remix and print the material – subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance and openness.”

“This is important for us to highlight because a lot of cultural objects from the previous century are still protected by copyright. This means that you as a user can’t just make copies or modify the work without consulting with the rights holders. A work that can be considered ‘open’ does not have these restrictions.”

“By highlighting the open collections, it not only becomes easier for you to find some of the best material available in Europe, but we also like to support the great work being done by the museums, libraries and archives that make these collections available to you. In this way, we want to bring European culture closer to a worldwide audience. And the good part is, you can share it as well! This is the material you can share freely via social media or use in your own remixes, websites, apps, educational material, and whatever else you can think of.”

[Source Europeana blog:  http://blog.europeana.eu/2014/09/introducing-opencollections/ ]

[Wellcome Trust] Keeping open access simple

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

“The Wellcome Trust believes that access to the published outputs of research should be open and unrestricted. But, argue Robert Kiley, Head of Digital Services at Wellcome Library, and Chris Bird, Senior Legal Counsel for the Wellcome Trust, policies and licences designed to support open access publication must also be easy for researchers to understand and use.”

“In April 2013 we simplified our open access policy: now, where we pay an open access fee our research must be published under the Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY). Why did we do this? Because we passionately believe in the power of sharing knowledge, and because CC-BY is the strongest available tool to deliver access to and re-use of our funded research. We also believe that CC-BY has become the globally recognised open access licence. Now, The International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers (STM) has published a new set of open access licence and is encouraging its publisher members to adopt them: unfortunately, we feel this can only confuse the picture.”

To read the rest of the blog go to: http://blog.wellcome.ac.uk/2014/08/08/keeping-open-access-simple/

To read the Wellcome Trust’s OA policy go to:  http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/About-us/Policy/Policy-and-position-statements/WTD002766.htm

[Source Wellcome Trust blog as above]

Jisc Scholarly Communications

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

I have recently discovered a blog from Jisc on ‘Scholarly Communication’ which contains many references to Open Access: http://scholarlycommunications.jiscinvolve.org/wp/

Here is Jisc’s statement about the intentions of the blog:

“Jisc’s work in scholarly communication recognises the changes brought about by the affordances of networked, digital technologies, which bring new possibilities and perturbations into a system that was relatively stable until the advent of the internet.  One of these affordances is Open Access.  This blog is a place where Jisc will share project news and advisory group work and ask for feedback on this. All other announcements support, guidance and resources are made available through the Jisc website.”

Some recent topics have included:

  • Helping institutions comply with the REF open access policy
  • Jisc’s evidence to the review of the RCUK OA policy
  • Collecting and sharing APC data

[Source Jisc Scholarly Communications blog as above]

Open Access events

Tuesday, October 14th, 2014

Open Access week (20-26 October) is coming up!

To highlight Open Access the Open Access Steering Group (Library and RKE) is organising a series of lively Open Access information sessions and debates taking place across the University in October as follows:

16th October, Open Access in the Humanities, 12 – 2pm in Geoffrey Manton

Includes talks from MMU Professor Cathy Urquhart, Dr. Frances Pinter (Manchester University Press) and Dr. Martin Eve (Open Library of Humanities) as well as a “tradeshow” with representatives from Open Access publishers. Book tickets at: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/open-access-in-the-humanities-tickets-13292449073

22nd October, Open Conversations, 12-1.30pm in MMU’s Special Collections

A light-hearted and provocative exploration of different perspectives on Open Access. Speakers include MMU’s Dr. Sam Illingworth, Professor Cathy Urquhart, Ruth Jenkins and Rob Johnson (Director of Research Consulting and lead of a national project on costs associated with Open Access). Book tickets at: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/open-conversations-tickets-13407272513

24th October, RKE Social “Open All Hours”, 4 – 5.30pm in MMU’s Special Collections

Join the RKE team at their regular end of the month networking session. Join MMU’s Sam Illingworth, Mary Pickstone and Jayne Burgess who will talk you through their perspectives on Open Access. Book tickets at: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/rke-friday-social-open-all-hours-tickets-13407342723

Please join us to find out more and engage with the debate.

Open Access

Wednesday, July 2nd, 2014

I seem to have spent quite a lot of this academic year reading, writing, hearing about, discussing and debating Open Access with colleagues both in MMU and externally at meetings and conferences.  The outcome of much of this discussion has been consolidated into an excellent guide put together by my colleague David Jenkins which you can browse here: http://libguides.mmu.ac.uk/openaccess/home and via the library website.

I also wrote a series of blogs back in the Spring for the Research and Knowledge Exchange blog.  Here are the links in case you would like to have a look at, or revisit, them:

Blog 1: what is OA?:  http://mmuresearchblog.wordpress.com/2014/03/06/oablog1/

Blog 2: different types of OA: http://mmuresearchblog.wordpress.com/2014/03/14/oablog2/

Blog 3: advantages and disadvantages of OA:  http://mmuresearchblog.wordpress.com/2014/03/26/oablog3/

Blog 4: MMU’s response to OA: http://mmuresearchblog.wordpress.com/2014/04/03/oablog4/

 

Please get in touch m.pickstone@mmu.ac.uk if you would like me to come and share any of this with your Department or research group.

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