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Researchers’ Weekly Bulletin: the Blog

News for researchers at the Manchester Metropolitan University

Archive for the ‘Full-text electronic documents’ Category

Re-use of Public Sector Information 2013 report published

Wednesday, November 13th, 2013

“The National Archives has published the United Kingdom Report on the Re-use of Public Sector Information 2013. Building on earlier reports, this report provides an overview of the policy initiatives designed to promote the re-use of public sector information. It also details key UK developments and initiatives in the ten years since the PSI Directive was adopted, focusing particularly on developments over the past 18 months.”

View the report (and earlier ones) at:  http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/information-management/policies/reports.htm

[Source National Archives news:  http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/news/882.htm?news=rss ]

Research for Community Heritage – publication launched

Wednesday, November 13th, 2013

“A new Arts and Humanites Research Council (AHRC) publication has been launched to publicise the Research for Community Heritage initiative. Part of the cross-Council Connected Communities programme, the initiative began in 2012 with funding awarded to 21 universities to explore partnerships with community groups interested in applying to the Heritage Fund’s ‘All Our Stories’ programme. Universities were encouraged to hold open days, to reach out to community groups in their towns, cities and regions and give specialist input to groups developing a bid to the HLF.”

“Soon after a second phase of the project began when groups which had been successful in their HLF bids joined together with AHRC funded researchers to undertake collaborative projects. In total, the initiative was responsible for collaborations spanning a wide range of community and academic interests, from music, the environment, history, archaeology, health, multimedia, oral history, archives, transport and many more, through some 150 projects, involving 21 universities and Research Organisations, and across all regions of the UK.”

The booklet is available to download at: http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/News-and-Events/News/Documents/AHRC%20Research%20for%20Community%20Heritage%20accessible.pdf

[Source AHRC News:  http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/News-and-Events/News/Pages/Research-for-Community-Heritage-publication-launched.aspx ]

Secret of plant geometry revealed

Tuesday, October 29th, 2013

“Researchers at the University of Leeds have discovered how plants set the angles of their branches. This work was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. While the other principle features governing the architecture of plants, such as the control of branch number and positioning around the main root and shoot are now well understood, scientists have long puzzled over how plants set and maintain the angle of their lateral branches relative to gravity.”

“The mechanism is fundamental to understanding the shape of the plants around us: explaining how, for instance, a young Lombardy poplar sends its branches up close to the vertical, while an oak sapling’s spread is much flatter.”

The full paper: Suruchi Roychoudhry, Marta Del Bianco, Martin Kieffer, and Stefan Kepinski. Auxin Controls Gravitropic Setpoint Angle in Higher Plant Lateral Branches is published in Current Biology, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.06.034  http://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822(13)00759-8 (Open Access article)

[Source BBSRC news:  http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/food-security/2013/130726-pr-secret-of-plant-geometry.aspx ]

Plants do sums to get through the night

Friday, July 5th, 2013

“New research shows that to prevent starvation at night, plants perform accurate arithmetic division. The calculation allows them to use up their starch reserves at a constant rate so that they run out almost precisely at dawn.”

“Plants feed themselves during the day by using energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide into sugars and starch. Once the sun has set, they must depend on a store of starch to prevent starvation.”

“In research to be published in the open access journal eLife, scientists at the John Innes Centre show that plants make precise adjustments to their rate of starch consumption. These adjustments ensure that the starch store lasts until dawn even if the night comes unexpectedly early or the size of the starch store varies.”

“The John Innes Centre scientists show that to adjust their starch consumption so precisely they must be performing a mathematical calculation – arithmetic division.”

Full reference: Scialdone et al. ‘Arabidopsis plants perform arithmetic division to prevent starvation at night’, eLife 2013;2:e00669. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.00669

[Source Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) News:  http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/news/food-security/2013/130624-pr-plants-do-sums-get-through-night.aspx?utm_source=feedly&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+bbsrc+%28BBSRC+-+News+stories+and+features%29 ]

Latest ‘Big Picture’, the Wellcome Trust’s free educational resource, explores how statistics help us understand the world

Friday, June 28th, 2013

“What does it mean to say eating red meat may increase your risk of cancer by 11 per cent? When is a ‘positive’ result in a medical test probably not a positive? And are there really only 100 cod left in the North Sea?”

“The latest issue of ‘Big Picture‘, the Wellcome Trust’s free educational resource for teachers and learners, is all about making sense of numbers – helping to make it easier to see how statistics and science can be used to understand the world.”

“‘Big Picture: Number Crunching’ explores what makes ‘good’ science, the different ways to present the results of experiments, and how statistics can be used to understand and interpret data. It looks at how people relate to risk and probability, and busts some myths in a Q&A column.”

Big Picture is a free post-16 resource for teachers and students that explores issues around biology and medicine. Published twice a year, it brings cutting-edge science into the classroom.”

[Source Wellcome Trust news:  http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/News/Media-office/Press-releases/2013/WTP052896.htm?utm_source=feedly&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+WellcomeTrustNewsAndFeatures+%28Wellcome+Trust+News+and+features%29 ]

The Gallery of Lost Art

Friday, June 28th, 2013

“The Gallery of Lost Art is an online exhibition that tells the stories of art works that have disappeared. Destroyed, stolen, discarded, rejected, erased, ephemeral – some of the most significant artworks of the last 100 years have been lost and can no longer be seen. Visitors to this virtual exhibition enter a large warehouse where photographs, newspaper cuttings, letters, images and films are laid out for examination, revealing the last traces of lost works by over forty artists across the twentieth century, including such figures as Marcel Duchamp, Otto Dix, Joan Miró, Willem de Kooning, Rachel Whiteread and Tracey Emin.”

Explore the Gallery of Lost Art at:  http://galleryoflostart.com/

[Source AHRC news:  http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/News-and-Events/News/Pages/Multi-Award-Winning-Gallery.aspx ]

New AHRC Image Gallery launched

Friday, June 28th, 2013

“The new Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Image Gallery will showcase the range of digital images generated by or as outputs from research projects. The Image Gallery will highlight the rich and diverse images created and used within the arts and humanities as well as showcase the talents of those who create them.”

“The first of these pilot exhibitions is ‘Royal Illuminated Manuscripts’, which includes images of elaborately decorated initials, painted borders and miniature illustrations. These include some of the most extraordinary decorative paintings that survive in Britain between the 8th and 16th centuries. These manuscripts were produced for and collected by successive kings and queens and offer unique insights into the nature of kingship; moral and religious belief, learning, faith and international politics. AHRC grants have funded the digitisation and research behind the images which led to the hugely successful Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination exhibition which was held at the British Library from November 2011 to March 2012.”

“Images are often generated and used in the arts and humanities research in a wide variety of ways and for a range of purposes – as computer-generated (CGI) or computer–enhanced images, virtual reality representations and visualisations, digitised images from museums, libraries and archives, design and architectural blueprints, photographs, cartoons, newspapers, maps and much more. The intention is that the AHRC will issue a call to the arts and humanities research community for expressions of interest to display virtual exhibitions or collections of images on the AHRC website over the summer.”

View the ‘Royal Illuminated Manuscripts’ image gallery at: http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/News-and-Events/Image-Gallery/Pages/Royal-Manuscripts.aspx

[Source AHRC news:  http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/News-and-Events/News/Pages/New-AHRC-Image-Gallery-launched.aspx ]

Emily Wilding Davison – A remarkable life

Friday, June 28th, 2013

Liz Chapman, Library Director, London School of Economics (LSE), writes in a blog for the Department for Culture Media and Sport (DCMS):

“100 years ago, suffragist Emily Wilding Davison died from the injuries she had sustained 4 days earlier, stepping in front of King George V’s horse at the Epsom Derby on 4 June 1913, in what became her final act of protest.”

“LSE Library’s Emily Wilding Davison Online Exhibition to mark this centenary reflects our belief that Davison’s life should not be solely defined by her death. The materials chosen in the online exhibition provide a record of a remarkable life – her achievements, relationships and her dedication to the suffragette cause.”

“Our exhibition documents Davison’s famous overnight stay in a cupboard in the Houses of Parliament in 1911, in order to have Westminster as her address on census night. We feature her letter, a Unesco listed document, describing the brutality of being force-fed in Holloway prison during her hunger strikes – one of the 49 recorded occasions of force-feeding Davison endured during her several spells of imprisonment. We include the manuscripts of her speeches setting out the case for full equality with fervour and candour.”

“The items found on Davison’s body after she was struck by the King’s horse in her fatal protest are also displayed – her tiny purse, race card and the return ticket from London Victoria to Epsom.”

“This range of projects stays true to the commitment we made when we took over from London Metropolitan University the custodianship of The Women’s Library Collection in January 2013. We pledged to protect the collection, enhance its profile by reaching a larger audience and utilise the full range of resources at LSE’s disposal. Our Emily Wilding Davison Online Exhibition embodies this commitment, and it is right that our commemoration of this great woman has marked the start of this exciting new era.”

To view the exhibition go to: http://digital.library.lse.ac.uk/exhibitions/emily-wilding-davison-centenary

[Source DCMS blog: http://blogs.culture.gov.uk/main/2013/06/emily_wilding_davison_a_remark.html ]

Double dose of antiviral drug offers no added benefit in severe influenza

Monday, June 10th, 2013

“Giving double doses of the antiviral drug oseltamivir, or Tamiflu, offers no clinical or virological advantages over a standard dose for patients admitted to hospital with severe influenza infection, according to a randomised trial funded by the Wellcome Trust, the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and the Singapore National Medical Research Council.”

“This is the first study to look at the effectiveness of higher doses of oseltamivir in cases of severe flu infection and has implications for global guidelines on clinical management and stockpiling drugs for pandemic preparedness, including the current outbreak of the H7N9 virus. Most people who are infected with flu will recover within two weeks, but some people will develop complications (such as difficulty breathing) that can result in hospital admission and can be life-threatening. Studies have shown that early treatment with oseltamivir is beneficial for patients with uncomplicated flu infection and improves survival in hospitalised patients with severe infection. This has led some authorities to recommend double doses of oseltamivir for the treatment of patients with severe flu infections.”

“The findings, published online in the British Medical Journal, reveal no difference in virus levels at day five between the treatment groups. There were also no clinical differences in the outcome of patients including need for ventilation, time in hospital, rate of death, or rates of adverse events between the different doses.”

The article (open access) can be found at:  http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f3039

[Source Wellcome Trust news:  http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/News/Media-office/Press-releases/2013/WTP052749.htm?utm_source=feedly&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+WellcomeTrustNewsAndFeatures+%28Wellcome+Trust+News+and+features%29 ]

The British Library explores Benjamin Britten’s literary, poetic and musical influences with a new exhibition, Poetry in Sound: The Music of Benjamin Britten (1913 – 1976)

Monday, June 10th, 2013

“As part of the Britten 100 celebrations taking place all over the world, this new exhibition explores the literary, political and historical inspirations behind some of Benjamin Britten’s greatest works, providing a rare opportunity to see exhibits drawn from the British Library’s world class music collections. Alongside handwritten drafts of some of Britten’s best known compositions, including The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra acquired last year by the British Library, Poetry in Sound features some of Britten’s rarely seen manuscripts and unpublished Britten recordings from the Library’s Sound Archive.”

“The exhibition coincides with the digitisation of all of the Library’s Britten manuscripts, which are now available to view on the British Library website, allowing them to be viewed anywhere in the world, which will be a fascinating resource for musicians, performers, scholars, and music-lovers.”

To view the manuscripts go to:  www.bl.uk/manuscripts

[Source British Library website:  http://pressandpolicy.bl.uk/Press-Releases/The-British-Library-explores-Benjamin-Britten-s-literary-poetic-and-musical-influences-with-a-new-e-635.aspx?utm_source=feedly ]

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